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论文题目: Salivary Factor LTRIN from Aedes Aegypti Facilitates the Transmission of Zika Virus by Interfering with the lymphotoxin-β Receptor
作者: Jin L, Guo X, Shen C, Hao X, Sun P, Li P, Xu T, Hu C, Rose O, Zhou H, Yang M, Qin CF, Guo J, Peng H, Zhu M, Cheng G, Qi X, Lai R
联系作者: rlai@mail.kiz.ac.cn
发表年度: 2018
DOI: doi: 10.1038/s41590-018-0063-9
摘要:

Pathogens have co-evolved with mosquitoes to optimize transmission to hosts. Mosquito salivary-gland extract is known to modulate host immune responses and facilitate pathogen transmission, but the underlying molecular mechanisms of this have remained unknown. In this study, we identified and characterized a prominent 15-kilodalton protein, LTRIN, obtained from the salivary glands of the mosquito Aedes aegypti. LTRIN expression was upregulated in blood-fed mosquitoes, and LTRIN facilitated the transmission of Zika virus (ZIKV) and exacerbated its pathogenicity by interfering with signaling through the lymphotoxin-β receptor (LTβR). Mechanically, LTRIN bound to LTβR and 'preferentially' inhibited signaling via the transcription factor NF-κB and the production of inflammatory cytokines by interfering with the dimerization of LTβR during infection with ZIKV. Furthermore, treatment with antibody to LTRIN inhibited mosquito-mediated infection with ZIKV, and abolishing LTβR potentiated the infectivity of ZIKV both in vitro and in vivo. This study provides deeper insight into the transmission of mosquito-borne diseases in nature and supports the therapeutic potential of inhibiting the action of LTRIN to disrupt ZIKV transmission

刊物名称: Nature Immunology
论文出处: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41590-018-0063-9
影响因子: 21.506(2016年)